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Drilling fluid

Drilling fluid

circulating fluid, one function of which is to force cuttings out of the wellbore and to the surface. Other functions are to cool the bit and to counteract downhole formation pressure. While a mixture of barite, clay, water, and chemical additives is the most common drilling fluid, wells can also be drilled by using air, gas, water, or oil-base mud as the drilling fluid. (010513)